Books and documents:
Agustí Chalaux de Subirà, Brauli Tamarit Tamarit.
Agustí Chalaux de Subirà.
Agustí Chalaux de Subirà.
Agustí Chalaux de Subirà.
Magdalena Grau, Agustí Chalaux.
Chapter 14. New market rules.
- This chapter's goals.
- Liberty and disorder in the market.
- Minimal laws to protect mercantile liberties.
1. This chapter's goals.
The market is the frame within which this essay on the possibility of
reforming the money system is included, on the basis of the advantages
of present day information science. The hypothesis submitted is that the
money system must be scientific and, therefore, fully informing on all
the mercantile operations effected1.
Besides, this information must be at the disposal of anybody needing it.
Even if the market is the reference all along this essay, we have not
yet dealt explicitly with it. This chapter will be dedicated to a consideration
of the new forms which might adopt a market with the submitted money system.
We will not consider now the technical effects which we have already
described: scientific knowledge of the market, global analysis and statistics
of the market, statement of market equilibrium strategies, etc., but we
will try to go farther in order to introduce possible innovating social
practices inside the market.
The so-called «free market», the object of so much
enthusiasm and so many curses in historical criticism in the last two centuries,
is a key element of the social framework. In fact the rules of market working
-not the strictly monetary ones, but all of them- have a great importance
for the development of the total geo-political society.
Definitely, therefore, in this chapter we will try to show that the
suggested monetary reformation can be the basis for working out new «mercantile
rules» to make possible the constitution of an actually free
market, within an actually free society.
2. Liberty and disorder in the market.
«Free market», as the liberty of working in it without
submitting to any discipline, of an equilibrating ruling of opposed forces
and interests, has always been a fake. In practice the strongest ones have
controlled the weaker ones.
Large companies sweep small companies, entrepreneurs exploit workers,
advertising handles consumers..., all sorts of injustice and mercantile
crimes have been brought about and still are, under protection of anonymous
money, which grants complete impunity to its users. The power of anonymous
money in the market, by extending its corruption to the whole of society,
is called plutocracy.
In the face of this so evident reality of permanent corruption of the
market, many have preferred to deny it, suggesting the introduction of
a bureaucratic planning to fix what must be produced, how, when, to whom
it must be sold, what must be saved..., according to the needs of the population.
But historically this system of state centralization has not completely
reached the expected results and it has actually caused new rebel forms
of free market and of black market inside it.
A more realistic possibility is to find and fix mechanisms to avoid
market liberty to become disorder and plutocracy.
An actual market liberty means:
Liberty for everybody. It must be avoided that the strong one lead
the weak one astray, the «larger fish to eat the smaller one».
To this end, law will have to effectively protect the liberty and rights
of each and all of the market agents.
Responsible liberty. Every market free operation must be personalized
and, in consequence, made responsible in face of justice. The compulsory
use of the cheque-invoice is a gurantee of this responsibility.
The key to an actually free market is responsibility. Only clearness and
transparency, made possible by a documental personalizing monetary instrument,
can avoid plutocracy, «the occult power of anonymous money»
which transforms «liberty» into oppression.
Thanks to the telematic cheque-invoice, judges of a «justice specialized
in the monetary market» will be in a position to have all the omni-personalized
documentation, for every actual case and concerning monetary operations.
As we have already said in chapter 7, perusal
of personal files must be reserved only to justice. Any mercantile operation
will allow to be known and objectively judged.
A clear market, actually free and responsible, can, without any fears
or doubts, try to reach the following goals:
maximum production of the highest quality, at the service of all
the population, with the smallest effort and risk by the several private
maximum and best investment in the production cycle, also with as
little as possible effort and risk.
maximum and best consumption by all the members of society, without
surrendering to a stupid consumerism as now produced by advertising techniques.
But before going on, we must clear an important point, a basic principle
which must be added to the ones already mentioned, in order to reach the
right market working. It is the separation between utilitarian society
and liberal society. As we know, utilitarian society is composed by all
the market agents and their relations. But in every society there is another
sector which, since always, shows an unselfish vocation at the service
of his neighbour: it is liberal society, which, even if at present is almost
completely mercantilized, as a matter of fact it should be clearly
distinguished and separated from the market. Only so the market can work
fully and liberal activities and professions can recover their original
3. Minimal laws to protect mercantile liberties.
A really free market for everybody must obey new rules
governing a field with a maximum liberty for everybody, avoiding these
liberties to become an excuse or the basis to establish new power groups.
The whole of rules and norms suggested must be far from the «laissez
faire» and from the classical «bureaucratic planning».
Mercantile liberties which, since always, the market has accepted, can
be summed up in the following principles:
Liberty of private initiative and property of all the market agents;
Liberty of fair competition among all the market agents;
The right to a new increasing communal property (following the hypothesis
in chapter 10).
In order to protect these liberties we suggest the introduction of a number
of steps, among them are the following:
Free recruitment and dismissal for a better production effectiveness.
As a counterpart, an automatic and indefinite unemployment social salary
Guild organization of companies: companies will unite in guilds,
forming liberal bodies which will establish an interior market discipline,
according to constitutional law.
Minimal interprofessional salary: the double of the unemployment
social salary. This minimal salary is the practical guarantee against the
disorder of liberalism, which rests on the pressure of reserve proletariat
to keep shameful working conditions and starvation salaries.
Minimal communal interest for all the balances of current accounts
at sight, to favour employees' and companies' savings.
Minimal anti-dumping sales prices, prepared by each guild to avoid
monopolies. Monopolies use the technique of lowering prices under cost
to win competitors and then increase them at will.
Guild advertising: suppression of all the company advertising and
preparing a guild advertising, completely objective and free.
Socialization of some services: only of those services that for
technical reasons can be more effective if they are monopolized (water,
light, telephone, informatics, etc.) at the most convenient local levels
(boroughs, regions, geo-political society, etc.). This monopoly implies
that the services will be free for the users. However, the liberty to create
private services must be accepted, in competence with monopolized services.
Progressive reduction of taxes as there is an increase of the «mercantile
common good», represented by production surpluses. All the taxes
must be reduced to one only «social solidarity tax» to be little
by little eliminated.
Social financial salaries, also related to the common riches, and
established according to the different statutes (see chapter
General statute: for all the population.
Utilitarian statute: for some cases of utilitarian professionals.
Liberal statute: for all the liberal professions.
Mixed statute: for crafts companies for companies to which politicians
do not consider convenient to grant a technical monopoly for a completely
free service and a complete liberal statute.
The technical development and political causes of these steps will be studied
in another essay.
as it was said previously, personal data, whose disposal is reserved to